There are three main types of light controlled pedestrian crossings:
- Toucan (Equine)
You may have seen all of these but have not necessarily noticed much difference between them. There are differences, but the basics are the same.
Approaching a Pelican, Puffin or Toucan Crossing
Always approach a pedestrian crossing with care and the intention of stopping should it become necessary, no matter what the lights say. If there are pedestrians on the crossing, you MUST give way to them and let them continue to the kerb and clear of the crossing.
Most crossings have the red textured paving, and dropped kerbs for ease of access for disabled people, wheelchairs and baby buggies. They will also have white painted zig-zag lines which mean no parking and no overtaking on approach.
There may be an advanced warning triangle sign, especially if there is a bend in the road before the crossing.
Check out your Highway Code for details of this sign.
What to look out for at Light Controlled Crossings
All of these crossings have traffic lights to control the traffic and allow the pedestrian time to cross. Sometimes the crossing user is a cyclist (Toucan Crossing) or mounted on horseback (Equine). These people use the crossing along with pedestrians. With the Toucan crossing, there may be a cycle lane system in the area, and with the Equine crossing, perhaps a bridle way.
One difference is the height of the button to activate the crossing lights (a horse rider can be a couple of metres off the ground, so it would be difficult to lean over to operate a low button). The red and green man sign is accompanied/replaced by a red and green bicycle (in the case of the Toucan Crossing) or a red or green horse and rider (in the case of the Equine Crossing). Pedestrians can use these crossings at any time.
For most of the light controlled crossings, you will find that the lights are set up in the same way as the normal traffic lights. That is, for the traffic to stop, the lights go from green, to amber, to red and for the traffic to be able to move off again, from red to red/amber, then green.
Puffin, Toucan and Equine Pedestrian Crossings have sensors to detect pedestrians and the lights are kept on red for the traffic, until the pedestrian (rider/cyclist) has departed the crossing area. The sensor will detect this and the lights will then turn red to red/amber to green for the traffic to proceed (just like a normal traffic light controlled junction). However, always double check the crossing is clear before driving on. Pedestrians always have priority, no matter what colour the lights are.
The Pelican Crossing is a much earlier version of the light controlled crossings, and is on a timer rather than a sensor.
Once a pedestrian has activated the crossing by pressing a button, the timer on the crossing change the lights to red. This could be suddenly, or in a few minutes, depending on how long ago it was last activated. Be warned, and if you see someone going to operate the button as you are getting near, be prepared to stop, the lights may change immediately.
The lights will change from green, to amber, to red. If you are too close to stop on amber, you may continue across.
But if the light is red, or you have time to stop at the line on the amber light, then do so. Remain stopped until the light goes to either, flashing amber or green (the crossing must be clear under both circumstances). You may also hear a bleeping noise. This is for the pedestrian and is for partially sighted and blind pedestrians.
Dual carriageways will have separate traffic lights for each side and must be operated as two separate crossings.