Before you take any tuition or tests, you must obtain a UK provisional licence.

For further information on what type of licence you will need and minimum ages please select from one of the options below:

I am 16 years old and interested in a moped licence
I am between 17 and 21 and interested in a moped or motorcycle licence
I am over 21 and interested in a moped or motorcycle licence?

16 years old and interested in a moped licence?

A moped is a motorcycle which has an engine capacity of no more than 50cc with a maximum speed of 31mph (or 50kmh). If the vehicle was first used before 1st September 1977 it can be operated using pedals.

A moped provisional licence entitles you to ride on the roads, but you must display L-plates (D-plates in Wales) and you are not allowed to carry pillion passengers or go on motorways.

How to obtain a valid provisional moped licence

To validate your UK driving licence, you must take compulsory basic training (CBT) given by an approved training body (ATB). On completion of the training you will be given a DL 196 certificate.

If you want to ride a moped on the road without displaying L-plates you must pass a theory and practical driving test.

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Between 17 and 21 and interested in a moped or motorcycle licence?

A moped is a motorcycle which has an engine capacity of no more than 50cc with a maximum speed of 31mph (or 50kmh). If the vehicle was first used before 1st September 1977 it can be operated using pedals.

A moped provisional licence entitles you to ride on the roads, but you must display L-plates (D-plates in Wales) and you are not allowed to carry pillion passengers or go on motorways.

When you reach 17 years old a CBT certificate entitles you to ride both a moped and a learner motorcycle.

A learner motorcycle has an engine capacity of no more than 125cc and a power output of no more than 11kW.

How to obtain a valid provisional moped or learner motorcycle licence

To validate your UK driving licence, you must take compulsory basic training (CBT) given by an approved training body (ATB). On completion of the training you will be given a DL 196 certificate.

If you want to ride a moped or motorcycle on the road without displaying L-plates you must pass a theory and practical driving test.

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Over 21 and interested in a moped or motorcycle licence?

If you obtained your full car licence before 1st February 2001 you are automatically entitled to ride a moped without L-plates.

For a motorcycle, you must obtain a full motorcycle licence.

There are two types of full motorcycle licence:

• A light motorcycle licence (A1), which restricts riders to a bike with an engine capacity up to 125cc and a power output of 11kW. The practical test must be taken on a bike of between 75cc and 125cc.

• A standard motorcycle licence (A), is obtained if the practical test is taken on a bike with an engine capacity of or between 120cc and 125cc. It must be capable of at least 60mph (100kmh). After passing the practical test, you will be restricted for two years to riding a bike of up to 25kW and a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.16kW/kg. After this, you may ride any size of bike.

If you are over the age of 21, or you reach 21 before your two-year restriction ends, you have additional options.

Direct access

For direct access, you will need to have completed CBT and passed a Theory Test. The practical test may then be taken on a motorcycle with a power output of at least 35kW. A pass allows you to ride any size of bike. All or part of the CBT course may be taken on either a learner bike or a large bike. You may practice for the practical test on bikes larger than the learner bike specification, provided:

• You are accompanied at all times by an approved instructor on another bike and in radio contact

• You wear fluorescent or reflective clothing and follow all other provisional licence restrictions

Accelerated access

Riders who reach the age of 21 while still within the two year period where they are restricted to motorcycles with a maximum power output of 25kW but who wish to ride larger bikes need to pass a further test on a motorcycle of at least 35kW. They may practice on bikes over 25kW under the same practice conditions for direct access riders. You will revert to learner status while practicing (on a motorcycle greater than 25kW) although test failure will not affect your existing licence.

Sidecars

Learners who wish to ride with a sidecar can practice on a combination with a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.16kW/kg. On obtaining a standard motorcycle licence, you will be restricted to a combination with the same power/weight ratio for two years. At age 21 learners may, only within direct or accelerated access, practice on a larger combination, but the test must be taken on a solo bike, although physically disabled riders can use a combination.

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